Mussel farming has been in development in Iceland for 30 years. Most of the time has been spent on scattered test lines put in the sheltered fjords by small companies or individuals. Iterestingly the results of spat collections, growth and quality have always been good wherever it has been tried. On the other hand the first initiatives were small and had no potential to follow up the good initial results.
In teh last six years things have started to move on. If we look at the leading company today 'Norðurskel' in Eyjafjörður, North Iceland, we have one enterprise that has reached full financing after six years of breaking ice. Norðurskel has started a full size mussel growing aiming at harvest and expeort to the European market in the next two years.
Several other initiatives have got excellent result from test lines but are hesitating or still not getting through the start-up financing.
The natural conditions giving the good results can be explained with the invironment factors: Pure waters, relatively cold environment, little fouling, no Trossolus, vast areas and easy spat collecting thanks to single/year spawning and few competitors on collectors. Mussel is abundant in all the Icelandic Fjords.